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Criminology Major

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Criminology

795 Master's Degrees Annually
48 Doctor's Degrees Annually
#123 in Popularity (Master's)
$90,290 Median Salary

Types of Degrees Criminology Majors Are Getting

The following table lists how many criminology graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.

Education Level Number of Grads
Master’s Degree 795
Graduate Certificate 98
Doctor’s Degree 48

What Criminology Majors Need to Know

O*NET surveyed people in occupations related to criminology and asked them what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. The responses were rated on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being most important.

Knowledge Areas for Criminology Majors

Criminology majors often go into careers in which the following knowledge areas are important:

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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Skills for Criminology Majors

The following list of skills has been highlighted as some of the most essential for careers related to criminology:

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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Abilities for Criminology Majors

A major in criminology will prepare for your careers in which the following abilities are important:

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  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

What Can You Do With a Criminology Major?

Below is a list of occupations associated with criminology:

Job Title Job Growth Rate Median Salary
Compliance Managers 8.0% $107,480
Investment Fund Managers 8.0% $107,480
Regulatory Affairs Managers 8.0% $107,480
Security Managers 8.0% $107,480

Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Criminology?

795 Master's Degrees Annually
67% Percent Women
29% Percent Racial-Ethnic Minorities*
The major attracts more women than men. About 67% of the recent graduates in this field are female.

Racial-Ethnic Diversity

At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of criminology majors is as follows:

Racial-Ethnic Diversity of Criminology Students with Master's Degrees
Race/Ethnicity Number of Grads
Asian 19
Black or African American 92
Hispanic or Latino 92
White 446
International Students 41
Other Races/Ethnicities 105

Geographic Diversity

Students from other countries are interested in Criminology, too. About 5.2% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:

  • South Korea
  • Saudi Arabia
  • China
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Canada

How Much Do Criminology Majors Make?

Master’s Degree Starting Salary

The median starting salary of students who graduated in 2015-2017 with a master’s degree in criminology was $44,500 per year. These stats come from the U.S. Department of Education. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $40,650 (25th percentile) and $49,050 (75th percentile).

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We don’t know for sure if all of these people took jobs related to criminology so take that into consideration.

Salaries According to BLS

Average salaries range from $90,290 to $115,590 (25th to 75th percentile) for careers related to criminology. This range includes all degree levels, so the salary for a person with just a bachelor’s degree may be a little less and the one for a person with an advanced degree may be a little more.

To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.

Median Salary for a Criminology Major  ( 90290 to 115590 )
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Median Salary for a High School Graduate  ( 30000 to 57900 )
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Median Salary for a Bachelor's Degree Holder  ( 45600 to 99000 )
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Median Salary for an Advanced Degree Holder  ( 55600 to 125400 )
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Some careers associated with criminology require an advanced degree while some may not even require a bachelor’s. Whatever the case may be, pursuing more education usually means that more career options will be available to you.

How much schooling do you really need to compete in today’s job market? People currently working in careers related to criminology have obtained the following education levels.

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Education Level Percentage of Workers
High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED) 1.8%
Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production) 2.2%
Some College Courses 0.3%
Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree) 4.4%
Bachelor’s Degree 47.5%
Master’s Degree 26.3%
Post-Master’s Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Master’s degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees at the doctoral level. 2.1%
First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession. 1.3%
Doctoral Degree 14.3%

Online Criminology Programs

In 2018-2019, 221 schools offered a criminology program of some type. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.

Degree Level Colleges Offering Programs Colleges Offering Online Classes
Certificate (Less Than 1 Year) 5 2
Certificate (1-2 years) 0 0
Certificate (2-4 Years) 0 0
Associate’s Degree 10 5
Bachelor’s Degree 7 4
Post-Baccalaureate 5 2
Master’s Degree 55 19
Post-Master’s 1 0
Doctor’s Degree (Research) 14 0
Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice) 0 0
Doctor’s Degree (Other) 0 0

Is a Degree in Criminology Worth It?

The median salary for a criminology grad is $90,290 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.

This is 126% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,007,800 after 20 years!

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You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to criminology.

Major Number of Grads
Economics 5,699
International Relations & National Security 5,214
Political Science & Government 2,896
Geography & Cartography 2,299
Sociology 2,092
Anthropology 1,657
General Social Sciences 813
Other Social Sciences 544
Urban Studies 518
Demography & Population Studies 72
Archeology 68
Sociology & Anthropology 4

References

*The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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