Types of Degrees Physics Majors Are Getting
The following table lists how many physics graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.
|Education Level||Number of Grads|
What Physics Majors Need to Know
In an O*NET survey, physics majors were asked to rate what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important in their occupations. These answers were weighted on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the most important.
Knowledge Areas for Physics Majors
According to O*NET survey takers, a major in physics should prepare you for careers in which you will need to be knowledgeable in the following areas:
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
Skills for Physics Majors
physics majors are found most commonly in careers in which the following skills are important:
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Abilities for Physics Majors
A major in physics will prepare for your careers in which the following abilities are important:
- Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
What Can You Do With a Physics Major?
Below is a list of occupations associated with physics:
|Job Title||Job Growth Rate||Median Salary|
|Natural Sciences Managers||9.9%||$123,860|
|Physics Postsecondary Professors||10.2%||$90,800|
|Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education||7.5%||$60,320|
Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Physics?
At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of physics majors is as follows:
|Race/Ethnicity||Number of Grads|
|Black or African American||38|
|Hispanic or Latino||149|
Americans aren’t the only ones with an interest in Physics. About 33.5% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:
- Saudi Arabia
How Much Do Physics Majors Make?
Master’s Degree Starting Salary
According to 2017-2018 data from the U.S. Department of Education, students who graduated with a master’s degree in physics have a median salary of $73,100 during the early years of their career. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $73,100 (25th percentile) and $73,100 (75th percentile).
One thing to note here is that not all of these people may be working in careers related to physics.
Salaries According to BLS
Average salaries range from $64,340 to $125,280 (25th to 75th percentile) for careers related to physics. This range includes all degree levels, so you may expect those with a more advanced degree to make more while those with less advanced degrees will typically make less.
To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.
Amount of Education Required for Careers Related to Physics
Some careers associated with physics require an advanced degree while some may not even require a bachelor’s. In general, the more advanced your degree the more career options will open up to you. However, there is significant time and money that needs to be invested into your education so weigh the pros and cons.
Find out what the typical degree level is for physics careers below.
|Education Level||Percentage of Workers|
|High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED)||0.3%|
|Some College Courses||0.2%|
|Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)||0.5%|
|Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master.||6.3%|
|Post-Master’s Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Master’s degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees at the doctoral level.||1.4%|
Online Physics Programs
In 2018-2019, 952 schools offered a physics program of some type. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.
|Degree Level||Colleges Offering Programs||Colleges Offering Online Classes|
|Certificate (Less Than 1 Year)||15||0|
|Certificate (1-2 years)||3||0|
|Certificate (2-4 Years)||1||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Research)||217||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice)||0||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Other)||0||0|
Is a Degree in Physics Worth It?
The median salary for a physics grad is $103,830 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.
This is 160% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,278,600 after 20 years!
Top Ranking Lists for Physics
Explore Major by State
District of Columbia
Majors Related to Physics
You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to physics.
|Major||Number of Grads|
|Geological & Earth Sciences||2,756|
|Astronomy & Astrophysics||410|
|Atmospheric Sciences & Meteorology||394|
|Other Physical Science||139|
|General Physical Sciences||102|
*The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.
- College Factual
- College Scorecard
- National Center for Education Statistics
- O*NET Online
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers First Quarter 2020
- Image Credit: By A. T. Service under License
More about our data sources and methodologies.
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