Types of Degrees Special Education Majors Are Getting
The following table lists how many special education graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.
|Education Level||Number of Grads|
What Special Education Majors Need to Know
O*NET surveyed people in occupations related to special ed and asked them what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. The responses were rated on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being most important.
Knowledge Areas for Special Ed Majors
According to O*NET survey takers, a major in special ed should prepare you for careers in which you will need to be knowledgeable in the following areas:
- Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Skills for Special Ed Majors
The following list of skills has been highlighted as some of the most essential for careers related to special ed:
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Abilities for Special Ed Majors
As a special ed major, you will find yourself needing the following abilities:
- Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
What Can You Do With a Special Education Major?
People with a special ed degree often go into the following careers:
|Job Title||Job Growth Rate||Median Salary|
|Adapted Physical Education Specialists||9.9%||$56,680|
|Interpreters and Translators||17.7%||$49,930|
|Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School||7.4%||$59,390|
|Special Education Teachers, Middle School||7.2%||$60,250|
|Special Education Teachers, Preschool||11.3%||$55,840|
|Special Education Teachers, Secondary School||7.4%||$60,600|
Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Special Education?
At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of special ed majors is as follows:
|Race/Ethnicity||Number of Grads|
|Black or African American||1,718|
|Hispanic or Latino||1,977|
Special Ed appeals to people across the globe. About 1.4% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:
- Saudi Arabia
- South Korea
How Much Do Special Education Majors Make?
Master’s Degree Starting Salary
The median early-career salary of special education students with a master’s degree is $47,350 a year according to 2017-2018 data from the U.S. Department of Education. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $43,550 (25th percentile) and $54,325 (75th percentile).
One thing to note here is that not all of these people may be working in careers related to special ed.
Salaries According to BLS
Average salaries range from $61,610 to $64,390 (25th to 75th percentile) for careers related to special ed. This range includes all degree levels, so the salary for a person with just a bachelor’s degree may be a little less and the one for a person with an advanced degree may be a little more.
To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.
Amount of Education Required for Careers Related to Special Education
Some careers associated with special ed require an advanced degree while some may not even require a bachelor’s. Whatever the case may be, pursuing more education usually means that more career options will be available to you.
How much schooling do you really need to compete in today’s job market? People currently working in careers related to special ed have obtained the following education levels.
|Education Level||Percentage of Workers|
|High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED)||0.1%|
|Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production)||0.1%|
|Some College Courses||0.4%|
|Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)||1.8%|
|Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master.||13.8%|
|Post-Master’s Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Master’s degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees at the doctoral level.||2.2%|
|First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession.||1.5%|
Online Special Education Programs
In the 2018-2019 academic year, 994 schools offered some type of special education program. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.
|Degree Level||Colleges Offering Programs||Colleges Offering Online Classes|
|Certificate (Less Than 1 Year)||91||15|
|Certificate (1-2 years)||50||4|
|Certificate (2-4 Years)||4||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Research)||82||5|
|Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice)||1||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Other)||0||0|
Is a Degree in Special Education Worth It?
The median salary for a special ed grad is $62,500 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.
This is 57% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $452,000 after 20 years!
Majors Related to Special Education
You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to special ed.
|Major||Number of Grads|
|Teacher Education Grade Specific||100,925|
|Teacher Education Subject Specific||43,516|
|Curriculum & Instruction||18,767|
|Instructional Media Design||7,063|
|Teaching English or French||5,407|
- College Factual
- College Scorecard
- National Center for Education Statistics
- O*NET Online
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers First Quarter 2020
- Image Credit: By woodleywonderworks under License
More about our data sources and methodologies.