Pharmacology & Toxicology
Types of Degrees Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Are Getting
The following table lists how many pharmacology and toxicology graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.
|Education Level||Number of Grads|
What Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Need to Know
O*NET surveyed people in occupations related to pharmacology and asked them what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. The responses were rated on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being most important.
Knowledge Areas for Pharmacology Majors
According to O*NET survey takers, a major in pharmacology should prepare you for careers in which you will need to be knowledgeable in the following areas:
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Skills for Pharmacology Majors
When studying pharmacology, you’ll learn many skills that will help you be successful in a wide range of jobs - even those that do not require a degree in the field. The following is a list of some of the most common skills needed for careers associated with this major:
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Abilities for Pharmacology Majors
Pharmacology majors often go into careers where the following abilities are vital:
- Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
What Can You Do With a Pharmacology & Toxicology Major?
People with a pharmacology degree often go into the following careers:
|Job Title||Job Growth Rate||Median Salary|
|Biological Science Professors||15.1%||$82,550|
|Clinical Research Coordinators||9.9%||$123,860|
|Health Specialties Professors||25.9%||$97,370|
|Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists||13.4%||$84,810|
|Molecular and Cellular Biologists||8.0%||$79,590|
|Natural Sciences Managers||9.9%||$123,860|
|Water Resource Specialists||9.9%||$123,860|
Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology?
At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of pharmacology majors is as follows:
|Race/Ethnicity||Number of Grads|
|Black or African American||37|
|Hispanic or Latino||32|
Americans aren’t the only ones with an interest in Pharmacology. About 19.9% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:
- Saudi Arabia
- South Korea
How Much Do Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Make?
Master’s Degree Starting Salary
The U.S. Department of Education found that students who graduated in 2015-2017 with a master’s degree in pharmacology and toxicology made a median starting salary of $69,200 per year. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $69,200 (25th percentile) and $69,200 (75th percentile).
Note that some of these people may have jobs that are not directly related to a pharmacology degree.
Salaries According to BLS
Pharmacology majors often go into careers where salaries can range from $96,420 to $122,320 (25th to 75th percentile). This range includes all degree levels, so you may expect those with a more advanced degree to make more while those with less advanced degrees will typically make less.
To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.
Amount of Education Required for Careers Related to Pharmacology & Toxicology
Some careers associated with pharmacology require an advanced degree while some may not even require a bachelor’s. In general, the more advanced your degree the more career options will open up to you. However, there is significant time and money that needs to be invested into your education so weigh the pros and cons.
How much schooling do you really need to compete in today’s job market? People currently working in careers related to pharmacology have obtained the following education levels.
|Education Level||Percentage of Workers|
|Less than a High School Diploma||0.5%|
|High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED)||1.2%|
|Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production)||1.6%|
|Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)||2.3%|
|Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master.||1.7%|
|First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession.||0.0%|
Online Pharmacology & Toxicology Programs
In 2018-2019, 136 schools offered a pharmacology program of some type. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.
|Degree Level||Colleges Offering Programs||Colleges Offering Online Classes|
|Certificate (Less Than 1 Year)||1||0|
|Certificate (1-2 years)||0||0|
|Certificate (2-4 Years)||0||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Research)||138||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice)||1||0|
|Doctor’s Degree (Other)||0||0|
Is a Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology Worth It?
The median salary for a pharmacology grad is $97,340 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.
This is 144% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,148,800 after 20 years!
Top Ranking Lists for Pharmacology & Toxicology
Explore Major by State
District of Columbia
Majors Related to Pharmacology & Toxicology
You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to pharmacology.
|Major||Number of Grads|
|Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Biology||3,098|
|Physiology & Pathology Sciences||2,214|
|Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology||2,071|
|Biomathematics & Bioinformatics||1,894|
|Biological & Biomedical Sciences (Other)||1,888|
|Cell Biology & Anatomical Sciences||1,488|
|Microbiological Sciences & Immunology||1,211|
|Neurobiology & Neurosciences||1,120|
*The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.
- College Factual
- College Scorecard
- National Center for Education Statistics
- O*NET Online
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers First Quarter 2020
- Image Credit: By Fvasconcellos under License
More about our data sources and methodologies.
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