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Pharmacology & Toxicology Major

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Pharmacology & Toxicology

483 Master's Degrees Annually
436 Doctor's Degrees Annually
#153 in Popularity (Master's)
$97,340 Median Salary

Types of Degrees Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Are Getting

The following table lists how many pharmacology and toxicology graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.

Education Level Number of Grads
Master’s Degree 483
Doctor’s Degree 436
Graduate Certificate 12

What Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Need to Know

O*NET surveyed people in occupations related to pharmacology and asked them what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. The responses were rated on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being most important.

Knowledge Areas for Pharmacology Majors

According to O*NET survey takers, a major in pharmacology should prepare you for careers in which you will need to be knowledgeable in the following areas:

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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

Skills for Pharmacology Majors

The following list of skills has been highlighted as some of the most essential for careers related to pharmacology:

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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Abilities for Pharmacology Majors

A major in pharmacology will prepare for your careers in which the following abilities are important:

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  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

What Can You Do With a Pharmacology & Toxicology Major?

Below is a list of occupations associated with pharmacology:

Job Title Job Growth Rate Median Salary
Biological Science Professors 15.1% $82,550
Clinical Research Coordinators 9.9% $123,860
Health Specialties Professors 25.9% $97,370
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 13.4% $84,810
Molecular and Cellular Biologists 8.0% $79,590
Natural Sciences Managers 9.9% $123,860
Water Resource Specialists 9.9% $123,860

Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology?

483 Master's Degrees Annually
61% Percent Women
29% Percent Racial-Ethnic Minorities
This major is dominated by women with about 61% of recent graduates being female.

Racial-Ethnic Diversity

At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of pharmacology majors is as follows:

Racial-Ethnic Diversity of Pharmacology Students with Master's Degrees
Race/Ethnicity Number of Grads
Asian 50
Black or African American 37
Hispanic or Latino 32
White 223
International Students 96
Other Races/Ethnicities 45

Geographic Diversity

Americans aren’t the only ones with an interest in Pharmacology. About 19.9% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:

  • India
  • China
  • Saudi Arabia
  • South Korea
  • Nigeria

How Much Do Pharmacology & Toxicology Majors Make?

Master’s Degree Starting Salary

The median starting salary of students who graduated in 2015-2017 with a master’s degree in pharmacology was $69,200 per year. These stats come from the U.S. Department of Education. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $69,200 (25th percentile) and $69,200 (75th percentile).

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Note that some of these people may have jobs that are not directly related to a pharmacology degree.

Salaries According to BLS

Pharmacology majors often go into careers where salaries can range from $96,420 to $122,320 (25th to 75th percentile). This range includes all degree levels, so the salary for a person with just a bachelor’s degree may be a little less and the one for a person with an advanced degree may be a little more.

To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.

Median Salary for a Pharmacology & Toxicology Major  ( 96420 to 122320 )
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250K
Median Salary for a High School Graduate  ( 30000 to 57900 )
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250K
Median Salary for a Bachelor's Degree Holder  ( 45600 to 99000 )
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250K
Median Salary for an Advanced Degree Holder  ( 55600 to 125400 )
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250K

Some degrees associated with pharmacology may require an advanced degree, while others may not even require a bachelor’s in the field. Whatever the case may be, pursuing more education usually means that more career options will be available to you.

How much schooling do you really need to compete in today’s job market? People currently working in careers related to pharmacology have obtained the following education levels.

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Education Level Percentage of Workers
Less than a High School Diploma 0.5%
High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED) 1.2%
Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production) 1.6%
Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree) 2.3%
Bachelor’s Degree 28.3%
Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master. 1.7%
Master’s Degree 20.8%
First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession. 0.0%
Doctoral Degree 21.9%
Post-Doctoral Training 21.8%

Online Pharmacology & Toxicology Programs

In 2018-2019, 136 schools offered a pharmacology program of some type. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.

Degree Level Colleges Offering Programs Colleges Offering Online Classes
Certificate (Less Than 1 Year) 1 0
Certificate (1-2 years) 0 0
Certificate (2-4 Years) 0 0
Associate’s Degree 1 0
Bachelor’s Degree 5 1
Post-Baccalaureate 1 0
Master’s Degree 124 3
Post-Master’s 7 0
Doctor’s Degree (Research) 138 0
Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice) 1 0
Doctor’s Degree (Other) 0 0

Is a Degree in Pharmacology & Toxicology Worth It?

The median salary for a pharmacology grad is $97,340 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.

This is 144% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,148,800 after 20 years!

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You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to pharmacology.

Major Number of Grads
General Biology 8,410
Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Biology 3,098
Physiology & Pathology Sciences 2,214
Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology 2,071
Biomathematics & Bioinformatics 1,894
Biological & Biomedical Sciences (Other) 1,888
Biotechnology 1,551
Cell Biology & Anatomical Sciences 1,488
Microbiological Sciences & Immunology 1,211
Neurobiology & Neurosciences 1,120
Genetics 637
Zoology 514
Botany/Plant Biology 407
Molecular Medicine 71

References

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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