Find Grad Schools

Study Area & Zipcode

Medical Scientist

Find Schools Near

What is a Medical Scientist?

Example of Medical Scientist Job Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.

Life As a Medical Scientist

  • Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.
  • Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.
  • Study animal and human health and physiological processes.
  • Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs.
  • Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public.
  • Write and publish articles in scientific journals.

What Skills Do You Need to Work as a Medical Scientist?

When polled, Medical Scientists say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Associate Director, Experimental Medicine
  • Director, Metabolism
  • Director, Experimental Medicine
  • Neurosurgery Research Director
  • Anatomist

Job Demand for Medical Scientists

In 2016, there was an estimated number of 120,000 jobs in the United States for Medical Scientist. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 13.4% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 16,100 new jobs for Medical Scientist by 2026. There will be an estimated 12,100 positions for Medical Scientist per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Medical Scientists in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Medical Scientist are Utah, Nevada, and Florida. Watch out if you plan on working in Illinois, Oklahoma, or Maine. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Medical Scientist Average Salary

The typical yearly salary for Medical Scientists is somewhere between $46,810 and $156,980.

Salary Ranges for Medical Scientists

Medical Scientists who work in New Jersey, Connecticut, or Delaware, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Medical Scientists in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $90,300
Arizona $99,840
Arkansas $98,490
California $102,550
Colorado $74,370
Connecticut $134,710
Delaware $115,070
District of Columbia $104,280
Florida $82,990
Georgia $75,800
Hawaii $96,880
Idaho $71,440
Illinois $87,660
Iowa $67,730
Kansas $81,190
Kentucky $77,160
Louisiana $69,600
Maine $109,900
Maryland $105,780
Massachusetts $92,980
Michigan $67,960
Minnesota $92,920
Mississippi $45,150
Missouri $70,510
Montana $74,440
Nebraska $83,110
Nevada $104,900
New Hampshire $116,200
New Jersey $145,300
New Mexico $87,850
New York $95,170
North Carolina $98,740
North Dakota $74,630
Ohio $79,020
Oregon $90,050
Pennsylvania $114,370
Rhode Island $115,170
South Carolina $82,300
South Dakota $80,900
Tennessee $81,390
Texas $72,260
Utah $76,620
Vermont $81,340
Virginia $102,310
Washington $90,290
West Virginia $71,850
Wisconsin $72,270

Tools & Technologies Used by Medical Scientists

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Medical Scientists:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Python
  • Word processing software
  • Microsoft Project
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
  • Database software
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • SAS
  • Microsoft Dynamics
  • Linux
  • Microsoft Publisher
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • FileMaker Pro
  • IBM SPSS Statistics
  • UNIX
  • R

Becoming a Medical Scientist

Are there Medical Scientists education requirements?

Medical Scientist Degree Level

How Long Does it Take to Become a Medical Scientist?

Medical Scientist Work Experience

Where Medical Scientists Work

Medical Scientist Sectors

The table below shows the approximate number of Medical Scientists employed by various industries.

Medical Scientist Industries

You May Also Be Interested In…

Those thinking about becoming a Medical Scientist might also be interested in the following careers:

Those who work as a Medical Scientist sometimes switch careers to one of these choices:


Image Credit: Shrout, Bill via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

Find Graduate Schools Near You

Our free school finder matches students with accredited graduate schools across the U.S.