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Biochemist or Biophysicist

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What You Need to Know About Biochemist or Biophysicist

Job Description & Duties Study the chemical composition or physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.

Life As a Biochemist or Biophysicist

  • Research transformations of substances in cells, using atomic isotopes.
  • Share research findings by writing scientific articles or by making presentations at scientific conferences.
  • Produce pharmaceutically or industrially useful proteins, using recombinant DNA technology.
  • Develop new methods to study the mechanisms of biological processes.
  • Study physical principles of living cells or organisms and their electrical or mechanical energy, applying methods and knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemistry, or biology.
  • Develop or execute tests to detect diseases, genetic disorders, or other abnormalities.

Biochemist or Biophysicist Skills

These are the skills Biochemists and Biophysicists say are the most useful in their careers:

Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Other Biochemist or Biophysicist Job Titles

  • Biochemistry Scientist
  • Biochemist
  • Clinical Biochemist
  • Nanotechnologist
  • Research Scientist

Job Demand for Biochemists and Biophysicists

In the United States, there were 31,500 jobs for Biochemist or Biophysicist in 2016. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 11.4% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 3,600 new jobs for Biochemist or Biophysicist by 2026. The BLS estimates 3,200 yearly job openings in this field.


The states with the most job growth for Biochemist or Biophysicist are Utah, Florida, and Colorado. Watch out if you plan on working in West Virginia, Nevada, or Illinois. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Average Biochemists and Biophysicists Salary

The typical yearly salary for Biochemists and Biophysicists is somewhere between $49,230 and $177,680.


Biochemists and Biophysicists who work in New Jersey, New Hampshire, or Massachusetts, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Biochemists and Biophysicists in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $87,520
Arizona $96,610
California $101,770
Colorado $82,940
Delaware $93,530
Florida $82,830
Georgia $89,450
Illinois $111,760
Indiana $107,040
Iowa $63,890
Kentucky $84,320
Maine $74,430
Maryland $99,370
Massachusetts $104,650
Michigan $79,560
Minnesota $77,740
Missouri $92,000
New Hampshire $102,910
New Jersey $145,180
New York $68,990
North Carolina $90,150
Ohio $62,140
Oregon $79,130
Pennsylvania $94,860
Tennessee $95,440
Texas $88,680
Utah $67,210
Washington $74,370
Wisconsin $82,170

What Tools do Biochemists and Biophysicists Use?

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Biochemists and Biophysicists may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Python
  • Email software
  • Word processing software
  • SAP
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • SAS
  • Linux
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • IBM SPSS Statistics
  • Minitab
  • Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
  • Graphics software
  • Statistical software
  • Presentation software

Becoming a Biochemist or Biophysicist

Learn what Biochemist or Biophysicist education requirements there are.


How Long Does it Take to Become a Biochemist or Biophysicist?


Biochemists and Biophysicists Sector


Below are examples of industries where Biochemists and Biophysicists work:


You May Also Be Interested In…

Those thinking about becoming a Biochemist or Biophysicist might also be interested in the following careers:

Those who work as a Biochemist or Biophysicist sometimes switch careers to one of these choices:


Image Credit: Shrout, Bill via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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