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Medical Science Major

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Medical Science

671 Master's Degrees Annually
51 Doctor's Degrees Annually
#131 in Popularity (Master's)
$96,420 Median Salary

Types of Degrees Medical Science Majors Are Getting

The following table lists how many medical science graduations there were in 2018-2019 for each degree level.

Education Level Number of Grads
Master’s Degree 671
Graduate Certificate 87
Doctor’s Degree 51

What Medical Science Majors Need to Know

O*NET surveyed people in occupations related to medical science and asked them what knowledge areas, skills, and abilities were important for their jobs. The responses were rated on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being most important.

Knowledge Areas for Medical Science Majors

Medical Science majors often go into careers in which the following knowledge areas are important:

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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Skills for Medical Science Majors

A major in medical science prepares you for careers in which the following skill-sets are crucial:

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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Abilities for Medical Science Majors

As a medical science major, you will find yourself needing the following abilities:

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  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

What Can You Do With a Medical Science Major?

Below is a list of occupations associated with medical science:

Job Title Job Growth Rate Median Salary
Clinical Research Coordinators 9.9% $123,860
Epidemiologists 8.2% $69,660
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 13.4% $84,810
Natural Sciences Managers 9.9% $123,860

Who Is Getting a Master’s Degree in Medical Science?

671 Master's Degrees Annually
54% Percent Women
36% Percent Racial-Ethnic Minorities*
Roughly 54% of the graduates are women, and 46% are men.

Racial-Ethnic Diversity

At the countrywide level, the racial-ethnic distribution of medical science majors is as follows:

Racial-Ethnic Diversity of Medical Science Students with Master's Degrees
Race/Ethnicity Number of Grads
Asian 136
Black or African American 46
Hispanic or Latino 48
White 288
International Students 100
Other Races/Ethnicities 53

Geographic Diversity

Students from other countries are interested in Medical Science, too. About 14.9% of those with this major are international students. The most popular countries for students from outside the country are:

  • India
  • China
  • Libya
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Canada

How Much Do Medical Science Majors Make?

Master’s Degree Starting Salary

The median early-career salary of medical science students with a master’s degree is $155,600 a year according to 2017-2018 data from the U.S. Department of Education. During this timeframe, most salaries fell between $133,050 (25th percentile) and $170,050 (75th percentile).

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It’s important to note that just because the people reporting these salaries have a degree in medical science, it does not mean that they are working in a job related to their degree.

Salaries According to BLS

Average salaries range from $75,690 to $139,680 (25th to 75th percentile) for careers related to medical science. This range includes all degree levels, so the salary for a person with just a bachelor’s degree may be a little less and the one for a person with an advanced degree may be a little more.

To put that into context, according to BLS data from the first quarter of 2020, the typical high school graduate makes between $30,000 and $57,900 a year (25th through 75th percentile). The average person with a bachelor’s degree (any field) makes between $45,600 and $99,000. Advanced degree holders make the most with salaries between $55,600 and $125,400.

Median Salary for a Medical Science Major  ( 75690 to 139680 )
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250K
Median Salary for a High School Graduate  ( 30000 to 57900 )
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250K
Median Salary for a Bachelor's Degree Holder  ( 45600 to 99000 )
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250K
Median Salary for an Advanced Degree Holder  ( 55600 to 125400 )
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250K

Some careers associated with medical science require an advanced degree while some may not even require a bachelor’s. In general, the more advanced your degree the more career options will open up to you. However, there is significant time and money that needs to be invested into your education so weigh the pros and cons.

Find out what the typical degree level is for medical science careers below.

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Education Level Percentage of Workers
High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED) 2.0%
Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production) 2.1%
Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree) 2.6%
Bachelor’s Degree 26.9%
Post-Baccalaureate Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Baccalaureate degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees carrying the title of Master. 2.0%
Master’s Degree 27.1%
Post-Master’s Certificate - awarded for completion of an organized program of study; designed for people who have completed a Master’s degree but do not meet the requirements of academic degrees at the doctoral level. 0.8%
First Professional Degree - awarded for completion of a program that: requires at least 2 years of college work before entrance into the program, includes a total of at least 6 academic years of work to complete, and provides all remaining academic requirements to begin practice in a profession. 0.1%
Doctoral Degree 19.0%
Post-Doctoral Training 17.1%

Online Medical Science Programs

In 2018-2019, 73 schools offered a medical science program of some type. The following table lists the number of programs by degree level, along with how many schools offered online courses in the field.

Degree Level Colleges Offering Programs Colleges Offering Online Classes
Certificate (Less Than 1 Year) 0 0
Certificate (1-2 years) 0 0
Certificate (2-4 Years) 1 0
Associate’s Degree 0 0
Bachelor’s Degree 15 1
Post-Baccalaureate 0 0
Master’s Degree 64 3
Post-Master’s 10 0
Doctor’s Degree (Research) 22 0
Doctor’s Degree (Professional Practice) 1 0
Doctor’s Degree (Other) 0 0

Is a Degree in Medical Science Worth It?

The median salary for a medical science grad is $96,420 per year. This is based on the weighted average of the most common careers associated with the major.

This is 142% more than the average salary for an individual holding a high school degree. This adds up to a gain of about $1,130,400 after 20 years!

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You may also be interested in one of the following majors related to medical science.

Major Number of Grads
Nursing 63,380
Rehabilitation & Therapeutic Professions 23,124
Medicine 19,720
Public Health 18,212
Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Sciences 16,970
Health & Medical Administrative Services 14,633
Mental & Social Health Services 14,322
Allied Health Professions 11,260
Communication Sciences 9,970
Osteopathic Medicine 6,700
Dentistry 6,403
Veterinary Medicine 3,297
Alternative Medicine & Systems 2,714
Chiropractic 2,608
Dietetics & Clinical Nutrition Services 2,301
Optometry 1,747
Advanced Dentistry & Oral Sciences 1,654
Health Sciences & Services 1,526
Medical Illustration & Informatics 1,418
Other Health Professions 1,292
Health/Medical Prep Programs 1,117
Clinical/Medical Laboratory Science 842
Podiatry 579
Bioethics/Medical Ethics 553
Allied Health & Medical Assisting Services 475
Veterinary Biomedical & Clinical Services 455
Alternative Medical Support Services 129
Dental Support Services 83
Movement & Mind-Body Therapies 79
Energy & Biologically Based Therapies 34
Ophthalmic & Optometric Support Services 19
Practical Nursing & Nursing Assistants 3
Health Aids/Attendants/Orderlies 0

References

*The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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