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Microbiologist

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All About Microbiologists

Job Description & Duties Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.

What Do Microbiologists Do On a Daily Basis?

  • Isolate and maintain cultures of bacteria or other microorganisms in prescribed or developed media, controlling moisture, aeration, temperature, and nutrition.
  • Research use of bacteria and microorganisms to develop vitamins, antibiotics, amino acids, grain alcohol, sugars, and polymers.
  • Develop new products and procedures for sterilization, food and pharmaceutical supply preservation, or microbial contamination detection.
  • Observe action of microorganisms upon living tissues of plants, higher animals, and other microorganisms, and on dead organic matter.
  • Investigate the relationship between organisms and disease, including the control of epidemics and the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
  • Use a variety of specialized equipment such as electron microscopes, gas chromatographs and high pressure liquid chromatographs, electrophoresis units, thermocyclers, fluorescence activated cell sorters and phosphorimagers.

Microbiologist Needed Skills

These are the skills Microbiologists say are the most useful in their careers:

Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Other Microbiologist Job Titles

  • Microbiology Analyst
  • Microbiological Analyst
  • Quality Control Microbiologist (QC Microbiologist)
  • Research Microbiologist
  • Clinical Microbiologist

Is There Job Demand for Microbiologists?

There were about 23,200 jobs for Microbiologist in 2016 (in the United States). New jobs are being produced at a rate of 8.2% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 1,900 new jobs for Microbiologist by 2026. There will be an estimated 2,200 positions for Microbiologist per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Microbiologists in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Microbiologist are Nevada, Utah, and New Mexico. Watch out if you plan on working in Vermont, Oklahoma, or North Dakota. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Microbiologist Average Salary

The salary for Microbiologists ranges between about $41,820 and $133,550 a year.

Salary Ranges for Microbiologists

Microbiologists who work in California, Maryland, or District of Columbia, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Microbiologists in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $59,660
Arizona $75,970
Arkansas $70,210
California $102,340
Colorado $71,860
Connecticut $75,410
Delaware $62,470
District of Columbia $94,630
Florida $67,650
Georgia $94,050
Hawaii $73,870
Idaho $64,880
Illinois $62,830
Indiana $55,370
Iowa $82,410
Kansas $53,100
Kentucky $55,940
Louisiana $70,000
Maine $69,890
Maryland $107,070
Massachusetts $82,500
Michigan $61,360
Minnesota $66,990
Mississippi $71,720
Missouri $77,300
Montana $85,900
Nebraska $64,380
Nevada $83,060
New Hampshire $74,080
New Jersey $81,720
New Mexico $50,580
New York $80,500
North Carolina $67,050
Ohio $68,970
Oklahoma $53,530
Oregon $66,370
Pennsylvania $74,780
South Carolina $59,750
Tennessee $76,730
Texas $54,530
Utah $62,750
Vermont $58,830
Virginia $91,940
Washington $74,660
West Virginia $51,330
Wisconsin $62,440

What Tools do Microbiologists Use?

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Microbiologists may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Web browser software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Email software
  • Word processing software
  • SAP
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Statistical software
  • Laboratory information management system LIMS
  • Database management software
  • Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST
  • PHYLIP
  • STARLIMS
  • Orchard Software Orchard Harvest LIS
  • Protein Explorer
  • BD Biosciences CellQuest
  • DM2 Bills of Lading

Becoming a Microbiologist

What education is needed to be a Microbiologist?

Microbiologist Degree Level

How many years of work experience do I need?

Microbiologist Work Experience

Where Microbiologists Are Employed

Microbiologist Sectors

Microbiologists work in the following industries:

Microbiologist Industries

You May Also Be Interested In…

Those interested in being a Microbiologist may also be interested in:

Those who work as a Microbiologist sometimes switch careers to one of these choices:

References:

Image Credit: via CC0 Public Domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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