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All About Sociologists

Sociologist Example Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

A Day in the Life of a Sociologist

  • Observe group interactions and role affiliations to collect data, identify problems, evaluate progress, and determine the need for additional change.
  • Develop approaches to the solution of groups’ problems, based on research findings in sociology and related disciplines.
  • Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.
  • Develop, implement, and evaluate methods of data collection, such as questionnaires or interviews.
  • Analyze and interpret data to increase the understanding of human social behavior.
  • Present research findings at professional meetings.

Sociologist Skills

Below is a list of the skills most Sociologists say are important on the job.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Social Perceptiveness: Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Types of Sociologist

  • Urban Sociologist
  • Policy Officer
  • Policy Advisor
  • Research Center Director
  • Penologist

Sociologist Employment Estimates

There were about 3,500 jobs for Sociologist in 2016 (in the United States). There is little to no growth in job opportunities for Sociologist. Due to new job openings and attrition, there will be an average of 300 job openings in this field each year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Sociologists in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Sociologist are Florida, Wisconsin, and New York. Watch out if you plan on working in Oregon, Illinois, or Pennsylvania. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Sociologist Salary

Sociologists make between $46,170 and $140,430 a year.

Salary Ranges for Sociologists

Sociologists who work in Pennsylvania, California, or Massachusetts, make the highest salaries.

How much do Sociologists make in each U.S. state?

State Annual Mean Salary
California $98,560
Florida $78,490
Illinois $86,280
Maryland $74,540
Massachusetts $111,020
Michigan $88,180
New Jersey $106,470
New York $75,800
North Carolina $95,260
Ohio $67,230
Pennsylvania $121,470
South Dakota $43,080
Utah $72,570
Washington $74,130
Wisconsin $80,270

Tools & Technologies Used by Sociologists

Below is a list of the types of tools and technologies that Sociologists may use on a daily basis:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Web browser software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Data entry software
  • Email software
  • Data visualization software
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Microsoft Project
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
  • SAS
  • Facebook
  • Microsoft Publisher
  • IBM SPSS Statistics
  • R

How do I Become a Sociologist?

Individuals working as a Sociologist have obtained the following education levels:

Sociologist Degree Level

How many years of work experience do I need?

Sociologist Work Experience

Sociologists Sector

Sociologist Sectors

The table below shows the approximate number of Sociologists employed by various industries.

Sociologist Industries


Image Credit: Kontos via Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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