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Crop Farmworker or Laborer

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What Do Crop Farmworker or Laborer Do?

Occupation Description Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Life As a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
  • Dig and plant seeds, or transplant seedlings by hand.
  • Apply pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to crops.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.

Qualities of a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

These are the skills Crop Farmworkers and Laborers say are the most useful in their careers:

Operation and Control: Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

Operation Monitoring: Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Coordination: Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Fruit Picker
  • Farm Hand
  • Rice Field Worker
  • Tree Tapping Laborer
  • Mushroom Cutter

Is There Job Demand for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers?

In 2016, there was an estimated number of 503,700 jobs in the United States for Crop Farmworker or Laborer. New jobs are being produced at a rate of 1.1% which is below the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 5,500 new jobs for Crop Farmworker or Laborer by 2026. There will be an estimated 76,800 positions for Crop Farmworker or Laborer per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Crop Farmworker or Laborer are Alaska, Nevada, and Vermont. Watch out if you plan on working in South Carolina, Florida, or Hawaii. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

How Much Does a Crop Farmworker or Laborer Make?

The salary for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers ranges between about $21,900 and $35,200 a year.

Salary Ranges for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers

Crop Farmworkers and Laborers who work in District of Columbia, Wyoming, or Vermont, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Crop Farmworkers and Laborers in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $22,820
Alaska $26,030
Arizona $25,120
Arkansas $22,020
California $26,240
Colorado $31,870
Connecticut $29,760
Delaware $28,390
District of Columbia $38,760
Florida $24,520
Georgia $23,410
Hawaii $32,740
Idaho $24,340
Illinois $30,020
Indiana $24,820
Iowa $30,630
Kansas $28,450
Kentucky $27,180
Louisiana $26,060
Maine $29,520
Maryland $31,900
Massachusetts $34,500
Michigan $25,130
Minnesota $31,510
Mississippi $25,040
Missouri $29,010
Montana $24,850
Nebraska $31,430
Nevada $24,720
New Hampshire $28,640
New Jersey $27,810
New Mexico $21,360
New York $32,720
North Carolina $24,770
North Dakota $30,830
Ohio $25,730
Oklahoma $29,930
Oregon $26,440
Pennsylvania $29,270
South Carolina $27,700
South Dakota $28,560
Tennessee $22,700
Texas $22,120
Utah $26,870
Vermont $31,680
Virginia $27,910
Washington $29,430
West Virginia $25,430
Wisconsin $26,870
Wyoming $35,260

Tools & Technologies Used by Crop Farmworkers and Laborers

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Crop Farmworkers and Laborers:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Web browser software
  • Global positioning system GPS software
  • BCL Landview Systems WinCrop
  • Farm Works Software Trac

Becoming a Crop Farmworker or Laborer

What education or degrees do I need to become a Crop Farmworker or Laborer?

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Degree Level

How Long Does it Take to Become a Crop Farmworker or Laborer?

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Work Experience

Where Crop Farmworkers and Laborers Work

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Sectors

The table below shows some of the most common industries where those employed in this career field work.

Crop Farmworker or Laborer Industries

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More about our data sources and methodologies.

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