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Electrical Engineer

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What Do Electrical Engineer Do?

Job Description & Duties Research, design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use.

Life As an Electrical Engineer

  • Perform detailed calculations to compute and establish manufacturing, construction, or installation standards or specifications.
  • Compile data and write reports regarding existing or potential electrical engineering studies or projects.
  • Prepare specifications for purchases of materials or equipment.
  • Plan or implement research methodology or procedures to apply principles of electrical theory to engineering projects.
  • Supervise or train project team members as necessary.
  • Direct or coordinate manufacturing, construction, installation, maintenance, support, documentation, or testing activities to ensure compliance with specifications, codes, or customer requirements.

Electrical Engineer Required Skills

These are the skills Electrical Engineers say are the most useful in their careers:

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Other Electrical Engineer Job Titles

  • Induction Coordination Power Engineer
  • Induction Coordination Engineer
  • Line Construction Engineer
  • Electrical Designer
  • Illuminating Engineer

Is There Going to be Demand for Electrical Engineers?

There were about 188,300 jobs for Electrical Engineer in 2016 (in the United States). New jobs are being produced at a rate of 8.6% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 16,200 new jobs for Electrical Engineer by 2026. The BLS estimates 13,900 yearly job openings in this field.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Electrical Engineers in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Electrical Engineer are Nevada, Utah, and Wisconsin. Watch out if you plan on working in Kentucky, Alaska, or New Mexico. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Electrical Engineer Average Salary

The salary for Electrical Engineers ranges between about $61,190 and $153,240 a year.

Salary Ranges for Electrical Engineers

Electrical Engineers who work in District of Columbia, Massachusetts, or New Mexico, make the highest salaries.

How much do Electrical Engineers make in each U.S. state?

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $97,310
Alaska $119,130
Arizona $106,260
Arkansas $82,200
California $114,170
Colorado $100,550
Connecticut $98,310
Delaware $108,900
District of Columbia $118,000
Florida $94,250
Georgia $87,850
Hawaii $89,720
Idaho $93,080
Illinois $94,700
Indiana $86,100
Iowa $87,700
Kansas $90,880
Kentucky $89,780
Louisiana $94,090
Maine $89,860
Maryland $116,560
Massachusetts $113,920
Michigan $90,700
Minnesota $98,120
Mississippi $93,740
Missouri $97,750
Montana $92,120
Nebraska $90,180
Nevada $92,540
New Hampshire $107,790
New Jersey $118,120
New Mexico $113,050
New York $103,740
North Carolina $97,490
North Dakota $89,680
Ohio $85,320
Oklahoma $98,950
Oregon $90,140
Pennsylvania $94,870
Rhode Island $110,360
South Carolina $90,140
South Dakota $84,710
Tennessee $93,180
Texas $106,260
Utah $94,200
Vermont $115,460
Virginia $109,690
Washington $113,540
West Virginia $88,640
Wisconsin $86,020
Wyoming $92,960

What Tools & Technology do Electrical Engineers Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Electrical Engineers:

  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Python
  • Data entry software
  • SAP
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Microsoft Project
  • Autodesk AutoCAD
  • Microsoft Visio
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Linux
  • IBM Notes
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • UNIX
  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Minitab
  • National Instruments LabVIEW

How do I Become an Electrical Engineer?

What education is needed to be an Electrical Engineer?

Electrical Engineer Degree Level

How Long Does it Take to Become an Electrical Engineer?

Electrical Engineer Work Experience

Where Electrical Engineers Work

Electrical Engineer Sectors

Below are examples of industries where Electrical Engineers work:

Electrical Engineer Industries

Other Jobs You May be Interested In

Those thinking about becoming an Electrical Engineer might also be interested in the following careers:

Are you already one of the many Electrical Engineer in the United States? If you’re thinking about changing careers, these fields are worth exploring:


Image Credit: NASA via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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